Chemical & Biological Warfare

1883, Robida, A. , La Guerre au Vingtième Siècle 

Albert Robida (1883) La Guerre au Vingtième Siècle A fantastical view of warfare in the 20C from the French illustrator Robida involving aircraft, tanks, chemical and biological weapons. Robida is said to have shown a penchant for satire even in his youth; by 1873, he had founded his own satirical journal, La Caricature. A decade later, he published the first of a trilogy of satirical, futuristic novels, The Twentieth Century (Le Vingtieme siecle), which portrayed everyday life in 1950s France. That book would be followed in 1887 by War in the Twentieth Century (La Guerre au Vingtieme siecle), and in ...
Read More

1895, Ellis, T.M. , Zalma 

T. Mullet Ellis (1895) Zalma The eponymous female villain in Zalma (1895) by T Mullett Ellis seeks to continue her father’s efforts to destroy the nobility of Europe and plans to release balloons laden with anthrax over the capital cities, but is thankfully thwarted before she can carry out her plan. [Mike Ashley, The Fear of Invasion, British Library, http://www.bl.uk/romantics-and-victorians/articles/the-fear-of-invasion] Following quickly on the heels of Olga Romanoff, and overtly referencing The Angel of the Revolution, was T. Mullett Ellis' Zalma (1895), in which Zalma von der Pahlen, daughter of the leader of the international nihilist and anarchist movements and, ...
Read More

1908, Kernahan, C. , The Red Peril 

Coulson Kernahan (1908) The Red Peril, London, Hurst and Blackett Limited A planned German invasion of Britain. The Emperor smiled. " Why don't you warn the English Government," he said, that in view of the certainty of the introduction of the airship within the next few years, England would do well to prepare for foreign invasion by raising an army on the same scale as the armies of other great Powers, and by the only system that she can possibly hope to do so —I mean, of course, by conscription? It is the only method. No Continental Power of any ...
Read More

1910, London, J. , The Unparalleled Invasion 

Jack London (1910) The Unparalleled Invasion Under the influence of Japan, China modernizes and undergoes its own version of the Meiji Reforms in the 1910s. In 1922, China breaks away from Japan and fights a brief war that culminates in the Chinese annexation of the Japanese possessions of Korea, Formosa, and Manchuria. Over the next half century, China's population steadily grows, and eventually migration overwhelms European colonies in Asia. The United States and the other Western powers launch a biological warfare campaign against China, resulting in the destruction of China's population, the few survivors of the plague being killed out ...
Read More