Aerial Warfare

1909, Le Queux, W. , Spies of the Kaiser 

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William Le Queux (1909) Spies of the Kaiser. Plotting the Downfall of England Spies of the Kaiser  was published in 1909, and raised spymania to new extremes. Again, Le Queux’s fantasies had their popularity massively boosted by the  Daily Mail’s hype machine. And again the story was presented as non-fiction. [Graeme Shimmin, Le Queux: How […]

Espionage

1905, Mill, G. , In the hands of the Czar, 

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Garrett Mill (1905) In the hands of the Czar, Blackwood To the unsophisticated person who knows nothing of the mysteries of the diplomatic service, the ways and manners of the various diplomats who take a hand in the game as it is played in Jn the Hands of the Czar seem stagey and too ineptly […]

Espionage

1905, Phillips Oppenheim, E. , A Maker of History 

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E. Phillips Oppenheim (1905) A Maker of History “Not as you and I understand it, perhaps,” Spencer explained. “There is no Scotland Yard extending a protecting arm over the place, and that sort of thing. But the place is haunted by spies, and there are intrigues carried on there in which the secret service police […]

Espionage

1907, Conrad, J. , The Secret Agent 

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Joseph Conrad (1907) The Secret Agent The Secret Agent: A Simple Tale is a novel by Joseph Conrad published in 1907. The story is set in London in 1886 and deals largely with the life of Mr. Verloc and his job as a spy. The Secret Agent is also notable as it is one of […]

Espionage

1907, Phillips Oppenheim, E. , The Great Secret 

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Oppenheim, E. Phillips (1907) The Great Secret (aka. The Secret) “Diplomacy demanded a victim,” he said, “and I never flinched. Two men knew the truth, and they are dead. My scheme was a bold one. If it had succeeded, it would have meant an alliance with Germany, an absolute incontrovertible alliance and an imperishable peace. […]

Espionage

1911, Phillips Oppenheim, E. , The Double Four 

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Phillips Oppenheim, E. (1911) The Double Four, London, (aka. Peter Ruff and the Double Four,  Boston, Little, Brown and company, 1912) The Peter Ruff stories were printed between October 1909 and October 1911 in Pearson’s Magazine (US). Really a series of detective, adventure stories but they doinclude an encounter with a German spy. Full text […]

Espionage

1914, Graves, A.K. , The Secrets of the German War Office 

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Dr. Armgaard Karl Graves (1914) The Secrets of the German War Office Purported to be a true story it reads more like an imaginative attempt to capitalise upon spy fever.  [see contemporary review] The average man or woman has only a hazy idea what European Secret Service and Espionage really means and accomplishes. Short stories […]

Espionage

1898, Phillips Oppenheim, E. , The Mysterious Mr Sabin 

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E. Phillips Oppenheim (1898) The Mysterious Mr Sabin It was largely the success of his first spy novel, Mysterious Mr. Sabin (1898), that enabled Oppenheim to relinquish control over the family business and devote himself to a full-time writing career. “The first of my long stories dealing with that shadowy and mysterious world of diplomacy,” […]

Espionage

1899, Hill, H. , The Spies of the Wight 

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Headon Hill [Francis Edward Grainger] (1899) The Spies of the Wight.  London, C. Arthur Pearson A year later [1899] Headon Hill used this formula in The Spies of the Wight, the first full-length account of German agents at work in the United Kingdom and an early indication that Germany had taken the place of France […]

Espionage

1900, Kipling, R. , Kim 

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Rudyard Kipling (1900) Kim – McClure’s Magazine (December 1900 to October 1901), Cassell’s Magazine (January to November 1901) & Macmillan & Co. Ltd (October 1901) Although not in the mainstream Invasion Scare / Espionage genre Kim deserves a place as a prototypical spy story linked in to British imperial attitudes. The story unfolds against the […]